Here are some fun facts that truly surprised us.
1. The first balloons had nothing to do with fun.They were made by a famous scientist Michael Faraday in 1824 for his experiments with gases. He made elastic bags and filled them with different gases and studied them. Faraday made his balloons by cutting round two sheets of rubber laid together and pressing the edges together. The edges of the rubber sheets stuck, the rest of the balloon was rubbed with flour to prevent the opposing surfaces from getting stuck. An year later the toy balloons were manufactured. At first these balloons were filled with air.
2. Latex balloons are biodegradable, and in fact do not make up for a large percentage of litter, despite the myth.
3. Specially made balloons are used in medical surgeries, to clear out clogged arteries or stop the internal organs from losing a lot of blood.
4. Huge balloons are used in scientific researches. Some are capable of carrying telescopes or even satellites!
5. A 100-foot-diameter balloon can lift 33,000 pounds!
6. Latex balloons are earth-friendly! Rubber trees grow in rain forests. Latex harvesting discourages deforestation because latex-producing trees are left intact. A tree can produce latex for up to 40 years!
7. Latex balloons come from rubber trees. Latex is collected by cutting the tree’s bark, then catching the latex in a cup. Latex harvesting doesn’t hurt the tree!
8. Helium balloons float because helium is lighter than nitrogen and oxygen the two components of air.
9. When a helium filled latex balloon is released into the sky it will travel to approximately 5 miles, by this point it has become brittle, it will then shatter into thousands of tiny pieces, falling to the ground across an area of around 1 square mile!
10. A bursting balloon actually creates a small sonic boom! Once a hole is made in an inflated balloon, the quick release of the balloons energy, or air causes the hole to grow at almost the speed of the sound in rubber. Since this speed is much higher than the speed of sound in air, the hole in the balloon actually breaks the sound barrier, creating a sonic boom!